Depression affecting social life is a disorder that can be seen at any age. It is one of the most critical health problems in the world. It also harms the risk of chronicity and other medical conditions. The World Health Organization foresees depression in 2030 as one of the most common diseases. Depression clinics are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of depression. Depression clinics are treatment centers with an expert team consisting of psychiatrists/psychologists.
For at least two weeks, the person feels sad, depressed, unhappy or pessimistic. The person no longer enjoys what he has experienced before. Besides these;
– Excessive drowsiness, drooping, sleep division
– Extreme weight loss or weight gain,
– Feeling powerless, slowing movements,
– Guilt feeling, worthlessness, inability,
– Feeling uneasy,
– Forgetfulness, difficulty in focusing,
– Suicidal tendency,
– Difficulty in fulfilling routine activities and responsibilities,
– Reduced personal care.
– Difficult experiences such as the death of a loved one, loss of a job or the end of a relationship are the first reasons for all these situations and feelings to be experienced.
Depression, which significantly reduces the quality of life, is a highly treatable disease. Mild, moderate and severe depression are discussed in three groups. Depression clinics with antidepressant and psychotherapy applications are health centers that are used for treatment. Speech therapy is the most effective treatment in a mild form. In moderate and severe cases, antidepressant and psychotherapy applications are required. Cognitive-behavioral therapies and mild depression patients learn to change their negative thinking styles. Antidepressant medication should be taken in the depression clinics. In addition to psychotherapy, the support of the person’s close environment is also essential. The patient is informed about depression. Recognition of the disease is critical to the success of the treatment.
For the diagnosis and treatment of depression, a health professional is consulted first. Diagnosis and treatment must be under the supervision of a specialist and by an expert. One out of every four women was once depressed in life. This rate is 1/8 in men. It is important to obtain support from an expert by contacting depression clinics for diagnosis and treatment in cases lasting more than two weeks.
The purpose of the treatment of depression is to reduce the effects of painful feelings and thoughts. The treatment of psychotherapy helps to get rid of these feelings and thoughts that cause suffering. Thus, it is revealed that what is meaningful at the same time for the person who is isolated from social relations and breaks off from the world. The most prominent theme in depression is a loss. Losing one’s value, losing one’s love, one loses one’s respect and hope. The sense of loss felt is quite broad. The depressed person may even feel the loss of an unreal loss as a result of his or her mind. The treatment plan for depression includes a process in which the patient is actively involved.
Depression is evaluated in 2 main categories as major depressive disorder and permanent (Dysthymia) depressive disorder. Early childhood trauma, genetic mood disorder, brain structure, chronic diseases, substance dependence and loss of a loved one are among the leading causes of depression. In the diagnosis of depression, the physician conducts a psychological evaluation of the patient. She asks questions about mood, appetite and sleep status, activity level, and thoughts. A physical examination may be required for the diagnosis of a depression caused by health problems. The treatment plan for depression is taken into consideration in the past, and the periods of depression experienced by the patient are taken into consideration. The intensity and duration of depression increase as the number and frequency of depression increase.
Drug Usage: Antidepressant, antianxiety and antipsychotic drugs are highly effective in depression which is a highly curable disease. Prescription drugs that are sold at the doctor’s prescription are given. The most effective but the lowest dose of treatment is started. Antidepressive drug treatment is preferred for moderate, severe and chronic depression.
Psychotherapy Practices: Talking with the therapist of a depressed person is useful in learning to deal with negative emotions. The patient’s family can also participate in therapies. Group therapy sessions are one of the effective methods in psychotherapy applications.
White Light Therapy: It is useful in improving mood and improving symptoms of depression. It is generally applied in seasonal mood disorders.
Talking to the Doctor Regularly: Talking to the doctor in the treatment of depression, whether temporary or long-term, should be adhered to the treatment plan. It is essential to check the symptoms, to find the right combination in drug treatment and to talk to the doctor regularly for the general condition.
Bipolar disorder is defined as a manic-depressive or bipolar mood disorder. It is a state of excessive increase or depression in emotional states. Although the exact cause is not known, the genetic risk factor rate is accepted as 25%. According to research, the imbalance in biochemical substances in the brain can cause bipolar disorder. One person with bipolar disorder may exhibit normal behavior in the interim period.
Symptoms of manic episodes vary from person to person. In the early period, small emotional state increases are seen. The energy increase in this period causes the patient to be overactive. Sudden decisions, reckless behavior, anger, extreme skepticism, and aggression are observed as violence increases in the manic period.
– The person who has a tendency to speak quickly and consistently has an excessive talk.
– As mental activities accelerate, there is a constant leap in thoughts.
– The person cannot be able to keep his attention for a long time. His speeches span from topic to topic and have difficulty in elimination between thoughts.
A person is more social than ever. He is aggressive and attacks and lives without calculating the results and looks to enjoy life.
– Clothing style changes completely. The time spent in front of the mirror is increased.
– Sleep is almost finished. Although he does not sleep for days, the person who is vigorous.
– The person who is overconfident. He thinks that he has all the power and will overcome every problem.
– Sudden aggression and sudden movements are observed.
Everyone’s usual situation is very different from the state of being sad and reluctant. Depressive bipolar disorder is a more severe state of sadness. It is the most essential feature that it continues for a long time and affects one’s daily life. 25-50% of patients with bipolar disorder wanted to commit suicide at least once.
– Excessive sleep or sleep
– Reduction of energy
– A feeling of guilt
– Enjoying the things you enjoy before
– Difficulty concentrating
– Uneasiness or agitation
– Increasing or decreasing appetite
– Suicide ideation
Bipolar disorder is a problem that is treated with medication and psychotherapy. Emotion stabilizing drugs are used. Drugs are taken under doctor’s control. In cases of recurrent mania, depression or hypomania, it may be necessary to use the drug for a long time under doctor control. Speech therapy is essential for patients and their relatives. For effective treatment, drug therapy and speech therapy are applied to control the disease.