Public misunderstanding of the specific function of eye doctors is widespread. Other health experts such as the nurse can clarify their roles and direct individuals intelligently for proper care.
The importance of adequate eye examination cannot be emphasized too strongly. Too often, most people find patients using a pair of glasses that belong to a relative, or using one that was purchased at the local variety store.
The care of the eye is undertaken by four groups of eye specialists:
1. The oculist
The oculist, the ophthalmologist, or the ophthalmic physician is a medical doctor who is skilled in the treatment of all conditions and diseases of the eye. Because of training and experience, he is able to make a more thorough and complete examination of the eye for refractive errors and other changes.
2. The optician
The optician, not a physician, whose concern is to grind, mount, and dispense lenses.
3. The optometrist
The optometrist, who is licensed to examine for refractive errors in the eye by mechanical means and to provide appropriate corrective lenses, is not a physician, and he does not use drugs in the examination of the eyes.
4. The ocularist
The ocularist is a technician who makes artificial eyes and other prostheses used in ophthalmology.
Among these four eye specialists, the ophthalmologist is the one considered fit to be called as the ultimate eye doctor. Ophthalmologists have finished “medical school” and board on a usual schooling schedule that usually takes 3 years after taking medicine proper in nearly all countries.
Even if eye doctors or ophthalmologists may seem professional enough to perform any surgical operations concerning the eyes or at least examine the eyes for any problems, it is still important to know how to choose the best eye doctor.
Here are some of the factors that you must consider when choosing the best eye doctor:
1. Skills and expertise
A good eye doctor is usually defined by the way his skills and expertise are shown on his credentials such as diploma and license certificates.
Hence, it is important to verify that your eye doctor has the correct and sufficient education to analyze, make a diagnosis, cure, and administer some medications and surgical operations to cure eye diseases. These documents will assist you in analyzing the efficiency of your eye doctor to perform such service.
Be wary of people performing such duties and responsibilities that only licensed eye doctors are allowed to carry out. Consulting them may only produce more harm than good.
Certifications denoting passed board examinations indicate quality and reliable services. Any documents that will serve as evidences of these things must be properly displayed within the office of the eye doctor and must be noticeably identified.
2. Adequate practice and knowledge
Any eye doctor with adequate practices denotes specialization and expertise on his chosen field. This goes to show that a new board passer, even if he is on the top list, is still no match for an eye doctor who has already gained 20 years of experience brought about by constant practice of his profession.
Besides, well-experienced eye doctors could also mean they have attended several seminars and additional trainings regarding the newest methods of vision correction.
3. Most referred
It is always safe to consult an eye doctor who has been referred to you by a relative or a close friend. Their experiences will always tell you how the eye doctor has been efficient in carrying out his job.
Because the eye is such a vital part of the body, it is important to choose only the best and the most efficient eye doctor to perform the protection and proper care for the eye.
The world of ophthalmology is one of the fastest evolving fields of medicine. Never before have so many new techniques and scientific breakthroughs emerged in such a short period of time. LASIK surgery, which uses an excimer laser to reshape the cornea, offers millions of people the opportunity to reduce or eliminate their need for glasses or contacts.
Television and radio ads are filled with amazing stories about LASIK surgery as the fast and painless way to correct vision, but stories are also appearing about people for whom it was less than successful. Before you opt to go under the beam, what can you do to help ensure that you will be happy with your results?
The key to safe surgery in any field of medicine is an informed patient. Take a little time and research the LASIK center you are considering for laser eye surgery. Dr. Robert K. Maloney, voted by his peers as one of America’s Top Ten vision correction surgeons in a national survey by Ophthalmology Times, offers the following guidelines to quality care and treatment.
1. Find a doctor by getting referrals from other doctors or from patients who have had LASIK or laser vision correction.
2. Don’t be fooled by fancy advertisements about a particular laser center. Choose the doctor, not the laser center. Find out who will actually do your procedure, then ask about that doctor’s qualifications (e.g., board certification, special training).
3. Choose a doctor who has done at least 5,000 LASIK or eye laser surgeries. What a doctor doesn’t know can hurt you.
4. Ask for information on your doctor’s LASIK eye surgery complication rates. If your doctor won’t tell you, find another one. For top surgeons, the figure is under 3 in 1,000.
5. Ask what measures are taken to prevent infection. Look for a center with a sterile or dust-free operating room. Make sure that disposable parts are not reused. Insist that your eye be thoroughly sterilized, and insist that the surgical instruments be sterilized before your eye laser surgery to eliminate the risk of transmission of HIV or hepatitis.
6. Beware of advertisements pushing “low cost” LASIK surgery. Discount surgery is as good as a discount parachute. The potential savings are not worth the risk of receiving less than expert care!
7. Expect to see very well after LASIK, but don’t expect to see perfectly. Each patient gets a slightly different result. The best surgeon in the world can’t guarantee 20/20 vision. As with any eye laser surgery, results are as individual as each patient. Beware of any doctor who promises 20/20 vision.
8. If you feel like you’re getting a hard sell, you probably are. Go elsewhere. You’re not buying a car; this is real LASIK eye surgery.
9. If your level of nearsightedness is more than -11 or so, implantable lenses will probably offer better vision than LASIK. Consider waiting until the new lenses are available. Ask your doctor about them and other recent advances.
10. While you investigate, don’t lose sight of the benefits: for most people a lifetime of bad vision can be cured in 5 minutes. LASIK eye surgery has improved the eyesight of millions of people around the world.
To undergo Lasik correction, you need to make necessary preparations for the procedure. What you can expect before, during and after the surgery may depend to a large extent on your doctor. As part of your preparation for the Lasik correction, you need to make a firm decision if you will go through with the Lasik surgery. You need evaluation by your eye doctor to know if you are a good candidate for Lasik correction before you sign the waiver. Before you undergo Lasik correction you should stop wearing contact lenses. You should switch to wearing glasses full-time prior to lasik correction for at least 2 to 4 weeks. This is because the contact lens can change the shape of your cornea. Leaving your contact lenses out for several weeks will enable the cornea to assume its natural shape which is essential for the surgery.
In Lasik correction procedure during surgery, you will be made to lie down on a reclining chair. A numbing eye drop will be placed in your eye. A ring will be placed in your eye and very high pressures will be applied to create suction to the cornea. You will experience dimness of vision and some discomfort. A cutting instrument called microkeratome is attached to the suction ring. The blade will cut a flap in the cornea. This is essential for the Lasik correction procedure. The microkeratome and the suction ring are then removed. A laser light will help your eye get focused. When your eye is in the correct position, the doctor will start the laser treatment. After the pulses of the laser energy vaporize the corneal tissue, the flap is put back into position. A shield is placed over the eye as part of the Lasik correction procedure to serve as protection.
After the Lasik correction procedure, your eye may feel some discomfort. Rubbing your eye could dislodge the flap, so prevent from doing so. The symptoms should improve after a few days. If you experience severe pain after a few days of Lasik correction then you should contact your doctor immediately. See your doctor within 24 to 48 hours after Lasik correction. Your doctor will remove the eye shield, test your vision and examine the eye. You may use drops to prevent infection. And you may be advised to use artificial tears to lubricate the eye. Contact lens should not be use used in the operated eye even if your vision is hazy.
Lasik vision correction may help improve your sight. But just like any other surgeries, you can experience Lasik side effects too. One of the possible Lasik side effects is experiencing temporary irritants. After the procedure, your eye may burn, itch, or feel like there is something in it. You may experience some discomfort, or in some cases, mild pain and your doctor may suggest you take a mild pain reliever. You can relieve this one of temporary Lasik side effects by putting eye drops after undergoing the procedure.
Another one of Lasik side effects is you may also experience some watering of the eyes, and your eyesight may be a little hazy after the procedure. But these irritants are just temporary and will soon disappear. Both your eyes may tear or water. Your vision will probably be hazy or blurry. You will instinctively want to rub your eye, but don’t! Rubbing your eye could dislodge the flap, requiring further treatment. In addition, you may experience sensitivity to light, glare, starbursts or haloes around lights, or the whites of your eye may look red or bloodshot. These Lasik side effects should improve within the first few days after surgery.
One of the possible Lasik side effects is under-correction. That means the doctor may not correct your vision to where he or she thinks it ought to be on the first attempt. If this were to occur, your doctor would simply have you in for another treatment for more correction.
Other possible Lasik side effects are over-correction. That means if you’re nearsighted now, it’s possible to over-correct your vision so you become farsighted. This is possible, but unlikely because your doctor will try to avoid over-correction by being conservative on the initial procedure. If over- correction occurs, it can usually be corrected using an appropriate procedure.Serious complications as possible Lasik side effects are extremely rare. Infection is the most troublesome complication and it can usually be eliminated with antibiotic eye drops.
Finally, Lasik side effects could occur if you were to displace your flap and not let your doctor know right away. The doctor will minimize this possibility by having you wear eye patches when you take a nap or go to bed at night, during the first week after the procedure.
To avoid possible Lasik side effects, you should contact your doctor immediately if you experience severe pain, or if your vision or other symptoms get worse. See your doctor within the first 24 to 48 hours after surgery and at regular intervals after that for at least the first six months. At the first postoperative visit, your doctor will remove the eye shield, test your vision, and examine your eye.
Each eye surgery and each patient is unique. In spite of this, there are a number of universal tips that can help patients better prepare for eye surgery and speed their recovery time.
First and foremost,
And last, but not least
Melissa Baker was diagnosed with nearsightedness early in childhood-an unremarkable diagnosis. But with each regular visit to her family optometrist, she became more nearsighted and her glasses became thicker. It wasn’t until a skiing accident led Melissa to an ophthalmologist at age 15 that she learned her true diagnosis: glaucoma, a disease that rarely affects the young. But it was already too late. The damage to her optic nerve was irreversible. Despite four surgeries, she eventually lost sight in her left eye. At 22, Melissa’s left eye was replaced with a glass eye.
Melissa now dedicates her time to educating the public about eye care so that others won’t needlessly loose their sight. She was recently named an honorary co-chair for the Glaucoma Research Foundation.
She’s not alone. The National Consumers League (NCL) has also launched a new campaign urging consumers to learn more about eye care and to take a more active role in it. NCL, the nation’s oldest consumer advocacy organization, recently commissioned a survey that found consumers-including those who wear glasses or contact lenses-are confused about the credentials and training of eye care providers. Nearly a third of respondents incorrectly thought optometrists have earned medical degrees.
To help consumers better understand eye care, NCL has produced a white paper about the state of eye care in the United States and created new Web resources and tips on its Web site, www.nclnet.org/health/eyes. The white paper clearly describes the need for patient education in today’s challenging health care environment; one in which the increasing demand for more preventive care, in constant competition with an increasing sensitivity to cost control and productivity, has led to the expanding role of non-physician practitioners providing medical care. Most importantly, NCL provides a framework to guide consumers as they make eye care provider decisions, ultimately encouraging them to take control of their health care choices.
So who does what and when? The eye care arena is often confusing due to the number of professionals who offer services. Generally, however, the services are broken down as such:
Depending on the services you need, one type of provider may be more appropriate than another. In addition to the usual considerations of convenience, cost and established relationships, use these tips when selecting an eye care provider.
If you encounter a problem in your treatment by an eye care provider that can not be resolved with the provider, do not hesitate to contact the state agency that oversees the conduct of the provider.
Having good eyesight is very important. A good vision helps you to see clearly far and wide. It’s very important that we maintain healthy eyesight to perform different tasks and activities. As a person starts growing older he might feel some aging around his eyes. But just aging does not mean that he will lose his eyesight forever. There are many aged people of more than 80 years who continue to maintain good eyesight.
The color black creates a sense of fear within us. No one wants to get blind and live in darkness forever. Every one of us wants to enjoy the true beauty of this world and welcome brightness everyday in our lives. You can continue to have healthy eyesight. For this it’s very important that you take good eye care. Proper and regular eye care will only help you create brightness in your life.
There are different ways to protect your eyes. The four best ways to take good eye care are: