Responsibilities in society and the family can sometimes cause various psychological fluctuations in people due to stress. The most common psychological problem is bipolar disorder. In the emotional world of people, there are changes in moods, ups and downs. Feelings of anger, joy, sadness, enthusiasm, grief, restlessness and anxiety can be experienced. However, in bipolar disorder; long or partial indifference to life events, sharp ups and downs, intense mood changes occur. These changes; affects the life, thoughts, feelings, physical health, behaviors and functions of the person. Those with bipolar disorder often experience processes with normal mood episodes, which often turn from extreme elevations to collapses.
This problem affects one out of every fifty people in the world. It usually begins at the beginning of adolescence or adulthood and can continue for life. It is seen equally in men and women.
The cause of bipolar disorder is not known exactly. In none of their relatives, the probability of occurrence in these patients is 1-3%. The proportion of people affected by their first-degree relative increases to 11-12 percent. The problem arises in the twins, 60-80 percent in the other twin.
Basic symptoms; excessive cheerful, sometimes angry, exuberant mood, acceleration of thought, speech and movements, euphoria. The symptoms should last for at least 4-7 days. The person feels overly happy and overflowing, energetic. Sometimes the person can be extremely angry. Thoughts begin to flow rapidly in your mind. There is loss of concentration in the person, attention is dispersed quickly. He sees himself as strong, important above all others. A person does a lot of things.
Bipolar disorder usually begins with a period of depression, and manic episodes occur in later years. That’s why patients may undergo years of correct diagnosis and treatment. Basic treatment is done with drugs. The aim of medication treatment is to reduce the number of manic and depressive episodes. There are two processes in the treatment. First, acute drug therapy when attacks begin; the second is the preventive treatment applied before the attacks begin. When most patients are well, they cannot accept why they should take medication and terminate their treatment. Preventive treatment spreads over a long period of time and can last for years.