International studies and investigations continue to demonstrate that breastfeeding after birth gives a great benefit to the infant and breastfeeding mother.
The benefits of breastfeeding are not counted. However, the World Health Organization and other major health institutions argue that babies should receive only breast milk for the first 6 months. After 6 months of infants receiving additional food supplements up to 2 years of breastfeeding is defined as the ideal situation.
With the benefits of breastfeeding, approximately 800,000 children under the age of 5 can be prevented each year. Babies who only breastfed for the first 6 months are better protected than digestive tract infections. The risk of diarrhea and other diseases that are not breastfeeding, and the risk of loss of life, is increasing.
Breast milk also meets the basic energy and food needs of the baby between 6-23 months. Breastfeeding decreases mortality rates as the main source of energy and food, especially in infants and young children.
On the other hand, studies have shown that babies who took breast milk in infancy; the risk of being overweight or obese in childhood or adolescence seems to decrease.
It is observed that the education life of the children who took the breast milk in infancy is also affected positively, these children are more successful in intelligence tests and the attendance rates are higher. Thus, research suggests that infants who are breastfed have a higher probability of being a high-income adult in their later lives.
On the other hand, breastfeeding does not only benefit babies. The researchers argue that the risk of breast cancer decreases in nursing mothers, thus preventing the death of 20 thousand deaths from this disease every year. The breastfeeding mother is also protected from ovarian cancer, second type diabetes and heart disease.
The first milk at the start of breastfeeding is key to the health of the baby. In fact, the risk of death in breastfed babies after 2-23 hours after birth increases by 33 percent compared to breastfeeding babies within the first hour. At the same time, in the first hour, the risk of babies not breastfeeding increases, the risk of the baby to continue to suck in the next process is falling.