It is possible to mention the infertility situation when there is no birth control during the 1-year period despite the regular contact with 2 to 3 times per week. If pregnancy does not occur within the first 6 months of marriage, there is no need to apply to the doctor immediately.
At least one year waiting period is required before infertility treatment. Because even in couples with no problems, the monthly pregnancy rate is approximately 25 percent. At the end of the 1-year period, the rate of conception is 80 percent. Therefore, it is appropriate for couples to wait up to 1 year.
Since the age of the woman plays an important role during pregnancy, the waiting period for women over 35 years should be 6 months. In women over the age of 40, in case of pregnancy request, a center should be consulted for early diagnosis without waiting.
The causes of male and female infertility should be evaluated separately. In men, sperm production problems are the most important. Low or insufficient number of sperm, movement and deformity can significantly prevent pregnancy. In addition, sexual dysfunction, inflammation of the male reproductive tract and systemic diseases can also lead to infertility. In women, problems such as having ovulation problems, inflammation or obstruction in the tubes, anatomical disorders in the tubes, the presence of myomas and polyps in the uterus, as well as endomerosis, goiter diseases and diabetes may prevent pregnancy.
In order to provide pregnancy, infertility in men can be enlightened with a spermiogram test. Tests applied to women provide more detailed assessment of female infertility problems. While evaluating female factor; the presence of ovaries and ovulation, the condition of the tubes and problems related to the uterus are investigated. When the investigations for the diagnosis are completed, the majority of the couples are diagnosed and the treatment options for the cause are preferred.
Infertility problems are treated according to the cause. Patients are evaluated by urologists in male infertility. Infertility problems identified can be treated with drugs or surgical methods. In cases where male infertility cannot be responded to treatment, pregnancy can be achieved by methods such as vaccination or reproductive methods. In women, the chance of pregnancy may be increased in many cases by medicine or surgical methods.